'Not From Here,' stories by Nathan Deuel

Saudi Arabia: The world's most dangerous place to drive


Riyadh: Among the BMWs and Crown Victorias, a danger lurks

It took more than six months before I was comfortable to drive here. Traffic is terrifying, earning Saudi Arabia tops in the world among road fatalities per capita. People generally observe red lights but aside from gravity, there are no other rules. People turn left from the right hand side at eight-lane intersections; people pass on the right, sometimes popping up on sidewalks at 60 mph to do so; in Crown Victorias so common here, children roam free, unbelted, and I’ve even seen babies stored on dashboards. Oh, and because women can’t drive, it’s not at all atypical to see families resort to putting 10 year olds at the wheel. It’s insane.

So for some time last spring, I rode the bus. Yes, the bus. Owing to what I understand is a tacit agreement with authorities here, there is a fleet of 1970s Toyota minibuses that ply the main thoroughfares here. They don’t actually stop: You have to leap aboard and leap off, but the price is right: About 50 cents. As long as the drivers can keep them running, it seems, authorities let them do their thing.

As much joy as I took in riding among laborers and middle-managers I would otherwise never have met, I knew what I was doing was dangerous. The drivers are notoriously wanton, performing some of the most aggressive traffic maneuvers I’ve ever seen. There are no seat belts in these buses, and the steel bodywork is so old and worn out, I’ve seen cardboard replacing metal on some buses.

This morning I encountered what I’d all along feared. One of these buses was upside down, in the middle of a busy intersection. Where cars usually speed by, there was instead an explosion of glass, the sharp smell of fuel, and the angry twisting of metal. I didn’t see if there were injuries. I hope there weren’t.

All this is a prelude to sharing a piece I wrote about what it’s like to ride. Take a look — it was originally published in The Review — and wear your seat belt.

Riyadh wasn’t made for people on foot. The pavements are willy-nilly, with each business evidently responsible for its own frontage. In sandals one night en route to a bookstore, I scaled a three-foot precipice between two stretches of pavement at different heights and stepped through half a pane of plate glass, which broke in an explosion of glittering shards. For blocks, sweat blinding my vision, choking on exhaust, gingerly taking steps with glass in my foot, I wondered how my wife and I – how anybody, really – could ever make a life in such a harsh place.

One way people cope is by riding the battle-scarred public buses that bomb through the Riyadh traffic night and day, filled to capacity with the hunched shoulders of commuting men more free to move about than the city’s laborers and maids but poor enough to take the hot bus rather than a car. Soon after I arrived, I joked with a new friend about hopping aboard. “You’ve got to be crazy,” he said, with the authority of someone who knew things I didn’t. “Those drivers are on drugs. You will be killed. You don’t belong on those buses.”

Six months later, we moved into a ground-floor apartment in a predominantly Saudi neighborhood – a move that was met with alarm by many of my expat friends. Their worries were not unfounded; westerners have been targeted often enough in recent years. But my wife and I both liked the idea of living among Arabic speakers. And I liked the idea of riding the bus to work.

I stood on the north end of Olaya Street. Even at 8:30am it was already well over 100 degrees. The southbound traffic was building up with rumbling Mercedes SUVs, iceberg-sized Yukons, and chugging 1980s Caprices. In the distance, weaving insanely through the scrum, came a bus.

With perspiration streaming down my face, I put my hand down. I’d learned the drill from a taxi driver from Kerala: Just stand there with your hand out. Keep the two-riyal fare in your pocket. Guard your valuables (I’d heard of stolen passports and cell phones gone missing.) And, most importantly, hold on.

The driver leaned hard on his horn and showed no sign of stopping for the red light. With two wheels up on the curb, he was grinding around two Camrys and heading straight for me. The bus slowed down, but not much. I put my foot on the running board, and the driver hit the gas. My other foot was still planted; I felt my legs splitting. A Pakistani guy in a shirt that said “US Army Hipster Yes” grabbed my other hand and dragged me aboard. At last, a feeling of fraternity!

With my briefcase clutched to my chest, I took a seat on a greasy bench, where I choked on diesel smoke and body odor. The driver, a wild-eyed Saudi with black teeth, chewed on miswak, the local twig-version of a toothbrush. He jammed the bus into gear and roared into traffic.

Taking the bus morning and night, I learned more and more. The bus never actually stopped, so when I got off, I had to be careful to land left-foot-first and be prepared for momentum. I knew to yell “Nazzer, Nazzer” when my stop approached. I realized I had to pay a few blocks early if I needed change.

But it took me a while to realize how basically unwelcome my presence was to my fellow riders.

One day on the bus, I sat near a Filipino guy gripping his late-model Nokia in a wet paw. It vibrated to life, and the ring said, in a perfect British lilt: “Will the owner of the 2009 BMW please come to the front counter?” I burst out laughing and tried to catch his eye. In English, I said, “Very funny!” He shot me a look of bitter dismissal. Other men on the bus murmured and clucked. One guy even moved a seat away from me.

That afternoon, to beat the heat and stretch my legs, I took a walk at the mall next to my office. I never expected to see anyone I knew. But there, in a window display case, crouched the Filipino guy. He was working for a clothing store, installing its new product line. The display’s theme was an Outback tavern; he was wrestling with a vintage bicycle and a fake sign that said, “Hippies Use Back Entrance.”

“Hey!” I thought excitedly. “It’s my bus-riding buddy!” For a second, I even laughingly thought of us both as hippies – rebel bus riders – both needing to use the back door.

But when the Filipino guy caught my eye, he turned away from the glass and turned scarlet. A moment later he was gone. I stood there in front of the display, struck dumb.

On reflection, I started to understand my mistake. Crossing Riyadh’s unspoken boundaries is not a trivial matter. The Saudis erect them first, putting great walls around their homes, wearing veils, and empowering fearsome morality police to enforce harsh social strictures. As guests, we expats are obliged to follow along. Our women also cover, we eat in segregated restaurants, and we disappear into gated compounds when we want to escape those rules – and because we’re afraid. Even in retreating from the public sphere, we ironically absorb and emulate the security-conscious, privacy-loving ways of our hosts.

Perhaps it didn’t matter to the Filipino bus rider that my economic circumstances were such that taking the bus made sense. (A taxi is 15 times more expensive than the bus.) The simple fact was that, as an American here, I was supposed to live in a compound, I was supposed to shop in luxury malls, drive a giant 4×4 and stick with my own people.

As much as anything else, it was a matter of safety – for him, perhaps, as much as for me. In late May this year, a minibus in Saudi’s Eastern province was shot up en route to an oil installation. Windows were shattered but no one was injured. On board were three Britons, a Syrian and one Saudi.

When I stepped out into hot, dusty Riyadh that afternoon to put my hand out again, I did so with new-found discomfort. Everyone knows that the country’s quiet peace is a product of a carefully managed state security system – which is a kind of parallel of the rigid social system that divides people into compounds, habits and subcultures. Everyone knows that between 2003 and 2006, dozens of people were killed in attacks here.

It’s a catch-22. Saudi’s rules stifle feelings of trust and fellow feeling between people. But Saudi has rules for a reason.

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Filed under: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, The Review, Traffic, World, , , , ,

5 Responses

  1. Caitlin Kelly says:

    Great piece.

    The places I’ve felt as endangered driving were Mexico, both in Mexico City and out in the country and driving through Kingston, Jamaica (a notoriously dangerous town) at night, dodging potholes and animals in the dark on the “wrong” side of the road. My Mexican bus experiences, as a teenager, usually involved (ugh) getting groped by male riders.

  2. Nathan Deuel says:

    Thanks for writing. I’ve never seen the chaos and danger that I see here: Not in the former Soviet Union, Southeast Asia, elsewhere in the Middle East, or even in my hometown of New York City. Beyond the disregard for conventions like signals and such, there’s also the sense you’re sharing the road with young men here who have nothing to lose. It’s like high-stakes bumper cars — with vehicles that can burst into flames.

  3. kaneo says:

    Having been taught to drive by my not-so-demure “BOOM IT” father, coupled with exposure to terrifying driving habits in Latin America, oops, I mean Miami, experiencing Riyadh traffic should have been a piece of cake. No Sir. Just have to say, I was thankful to be clandestinely clad in my abaya when my arm shot up in a most unlady like gesture when we (in a little Corolla, brilliantly maneuvered by Nathan)were almost side-swiped by a swerving, swirling dervish of a Yukon on those crazy Riyadh streets. May Spirit keep all drivers safe from the errant, illogical driving antics of those 12 y/o young whipper snappers!

  4. ashinkizer says:

    Came across this while stumbling. Saw the picture of that bus and thought to myself, I know those!

    I don’t know where to start…

    I’m an Arab, been living in Riyadh for the past few months. Despite the horrible driving (I was quite shocked when I first got here) you sort of come to get used to it. I think you can just ignore the crazy ones or, if you can, get out of their way. I think you’ll see what I mean if you drive here for a while.

    As for the buses, typical in this part of the world. The GCC is built by slave labor, you’re seeing it.

    I do NOT think that women should drive here. They’d be made mincemeat out of by the lunatics out there.

    I’m glad you didn’t choose to live in a compound (who can find one anyway these days), but don’t expect to fill your phonebook with Saudi contacts, it’s just not the way it happens around here. Although from what I hear they are much nice people than some other Arabs…

    • Nathan Deuel says:

      Thanks for writing! I write pretty often about life in Saudi, and I’ll be eager to see what you think of some of my other work. // Nathan

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